Benzodiazepines differ by the methods they can be given, time of onset, action duration, mechanism of metabolism, and presence of active metabolites.
As mentioned earlier, their mechanism of action is seen clinically as anxiolysis, amnesia, and sedation; if a particular procedure is painful, these drugs must be given with analgesic agents.
Sedation is the depression of a patient's awareness to the environment and reduction of his or her responsiveness to external stimulation.
If you suspect an overdose in yourself or someone else, contact a poison control center or get to an emergency room immediately.
You can contact a poison control center at (800) 222-1222.
Individual patient response to medications can vary; therefore, the clinician can potentially overshoot the desired level of anesthesia.
Clinicians must be prepared for this and should have emergency apparatus available in case problems arise.