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Every 9th day (counting inclusively) was a market day, but as it shifted every year, a designated letter between A and H would represent the market day for that year.
The final letter identifies the type of day for purposes of religious observance or legal business. The first letter is the nundinal letter for the market day.
Romulus, the legendary first ruler of Rome, is supposed to have introduced this calendar in the 700s B. Mercedinus was inserted after February 23 or 24, and the last days of February were moved to the end of Mercedinus.In this case the letter C represents dies comitiales, days when committees of citizens could vote on political or criminal matters.The other letter designations : The center diagram is a typical festival, or feriae.For centuries afterward, Romans referred to the first day of each month as Kalendae or Kalends from the Latin word calare (to announce solemnly, to call out). Of the three sections, Kalends was the longest it had more days than the other two combined.That’s because it spanned more than two lunar phases, starting from the day after full moon and continuing thru its last quarter and waning period, then past the dark new moon until another lunar crescent was sighted. It was dedicated to Juno, a principal goddess of the Roman Pantheon.