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) gauge lines were built, along with various private logging, mining and industrial railways.
The first railway lines in Victoria were built in the 1850s, and were privately owned and operated.
Passenger services on Melbourne's suburban rail network are operated by Metro Trains Melbourne with electric multiple units, and services to regional Victoria by V/Line with diesel trains.
Freight services are operated by Aurizon (interstate), Pacific National and SCT Logistics (interstate and intrastate), and Qube Logistics and Trans Volution (intrastate).
V/Line Freight was sold to Freight Victoria in 1999, followed by National Express taking over Bayside Trains and V/Line Passenger in 2000, with Connex Melbourne taking over Hillside Trains.
This structure remained until corporatisation began in the 1970s, followed by privatisation in the 1990s.
Country passenger services saw the last of the non-air-conditioned wooden bodied passenger cars withdrawn from service in 1986, replaced by new "H" set carriages.
Trials were also carried out for further upgrades, with locomotive A85 re-geared for 160 km/h operation in a series of test runs between Glenorchy and Lubeck in the state's west in July 1986.
The rail network radiates from the state capital, Melbourne, with main interstate links to Sydney and to Adelaide, as well as major lines running to regional centres, mi (4.0 km) Victorian broad gauge line between the Melbourne (or City) Terminus (on the site of modern-day Flinders Street station) and Sandridge (now Port Melbourne), constructed by the Melbourne and Hobson's Bay Railway Company and opened in September 1854.
The early years saw the lines being constructed by private companies.