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According to the National Statistics Institute, in 2015, women who were victims of IPV and made use of precautionary measures or protection orders were a total of 27.624, 2% more compared to the year before (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE, 2015).
In Spain, the annual crime recidivism prevalence rate is between 9 and 17%.
Other data taken from macro surveys about the prevalence of IPV in Spain (Delegación del Gobierno para la Violencia de Género, 2015a) shows that 10.3% of women that are 16 or older have suffered physical violence at the hands of their partners or ex-partners, 8.1% have suffered sexual violence, and 25.4% have suffered psychological violence sometime in their lives.
These facts are made aware to the Security Forces (FCS) in 26.8% of cases, and in 1.7% of cases they are directly stated at court, which shows that institutions are only aware of 28.5% of this type of violence.
Suicidal ideas are also a good predictor of violence in longitudinal studies (Kerr & Capaldi, 2011).A risk or protection indicator can be anything that occurs before a result and which correlates with it, without necessarily implying that the indicator and the result have a cause-effect relationship (Skeem & Monahan, 2011).Violence risk factors are those which increase the probabilities of a behavior taking place (which doesn’t mean they have to be determining), and can be of the historical type (static, difficult to modify) or the dynamic type (can be modified).It seems that dynamic risk factors possess a slight superiority when it comes to predicting violence (Andrews & Bonta, 2010).Protection indicators are those which regulate the impact of the exposition to risk indicators.